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Most toddlers develop dental issues that may affect their dental health in the future should they remain undiscovered for long. Overwhelmed by a myriad of equally serious health issues, most parents remain unaware of the symptoms of dental illnesses in children. Here are five of the most recurrent dental issues in children.
1. Discomfort During Teething
Children grow wisdom teeth approximately eight months after birth; this can be a nerve-racking time for those new to parenting. Teething causes discomfort to the gum often making it swell. During this time, the child may dribble unusually and spend sleepless nights.
During emergencies, you can ease the irritation by rubbing the gum gently with a clean finger or moist gauze square. However, it’s recommended to buy a teething ring to lower the chances of infection from germs. A chilled teething ring significantly reduces discomfort during the entire teething process.
New baby’s teeth need to be cleansed of bacteria from milk and other baby foods using a wipe cloth or children’s toothbrush and water. It’s important to note that fluoride toothpaste should not be used for children under the age of two. Check out vellorewoodsdentistry.com for professional dental assistance.
2. Gum Disease
Gum disease occurs as a result of poor dental hygiene. Common symptoms to look out for are discolored gum, plaque, and bleeding after brushing the teeth. Your family dentist may schedule specialized cleaning to remove the plaque developing on the gum because it can’t be cleaned normally by brushing. In serious cases, gum disease is characterized by bad breath and loose teeth. In such situations, the dentist may recommend surgery intended to clean affected gum pockets and stitch the gum to fit it more firmly on teeth.
3. Teeth Grinding
This is a condition where unaligned teeth grind and cause damage. Teeth grinding is normal during the growth stages of children and mostly stops as the teeth grow and align normally. Teeth grinding becomes a problem when it persists due to minor issues such as the shape of the chewing surface. Some children may experience tight jaw muscles accompanied by tooth pain.
A key symptom to look out for is a fractured tooth. In advanced cases, you may see exposed layers of the affected tooth. Mouthguards help to reduce the damage resulting from teeth grinding. In severe cases, the dentists may recommend dental correction procedures such as reshaping of the chewing surface.
4. Canker Sores
These are easily noticeable sores mostly white in color with a red border. If Canker sores start to show on your child’s mouth, gum or lip surface, there’s a need to visit a dentist. These sores mostly result from bacterial infections, acidic foods, rough brushing and injuries from sporting activities. Minor Canker sores will go away on their own after a week or so. Dentists often treat persistent sores using anti-acid based medicine. If you have other uninfected children, exercise proper hygiene as Canker sores are contagious.
5. Orthodontic Treatment
Your child may develop dental issues that cause malocclusion: a condition where the teeth are misaligned even after the mouth is completely closed. Some causes of malocclusion include misaligned jaws, crowded teeth, missing teeth, accidents and prolonged growth habits such as thumb sucking.
Since some of these defects are easily noticeable at the initial stages, early treatment is needed. This will not only help your child retain their natural smile but also avert more serious health issues in the future. For minor defects, your dentists may recommend the use of braces and elastics that apply just the right force to align teeth and jaws to the desired position.