Loaning companies usually offer a vast range of APR. Rates usually range from 2% to over 35% which usually makes potential borrowers a little bit confused. There are several factors that affect a person’s APR and will establish if their personal loan will fall on the higher or lower end of the range.

What Is APR?

APR means annual percentage rate. It is the annual amount borrowers will pay when they have a loan usually expressed as a percentage. APR is different from interest rates because it will account other charges and additional fees. This is why APRs are typically higher than the usual interest rate. APRs are specifically beneficial when comparing loans. While a lot of factors are used as basis in choosing the right loan for you, one should always pick the loan with the lower APR.

Factors That Affect APR

Credit History and Credit Score

Both your credit history and score is generally the most significant factor affecting your APR. The higher your credit score, the lower your interest rate is. Some companies that offer loans usually have a required minimum credit score you’ll have to meet before they allow your loan application to progress.


A person’s debt-to-income ratio is another factor to pass when applying for a qualification for a personal loan. Your DTI is computed by your monthly debts, such as car loans and mortgages, divided by your gross monthly income. DTIs are usually expressed in percentages. Having a low DTI percentage means lesser debts related to a person’s income. Lenders and loan companies favor borrowers with a low DTI percentage.

Annual Income

Your annual income has a direct effect on your DTI percentage and is usually considered and assessed when you are going to be provided with an APR. A person with high annual income usually has lower APR rates. Some lending companies require their borrowers to meet their minimum annual income which usually is at $25,000.

History of Employment

Lenders want to make sure that the loans they give borrowers will be paid fully. They check your current employment status and employment history records to check if you are a high risk borrower. Borrowers who are self-employed will be required to pass additional proofs to authenticate their financial status.

Loan Terms

The length of the loan you applied for also has an effect to its APR. Loans with shorter length typically have lower APR. Additionally, the type of rate will have a significant impact in your annual percentage rate. A loan with a fixed rate will have the same rate through the length of the availed loan. While a loan with variable rate will be gradually increased throughout the length of the loan.


Inflation happens when prices of merchandise and services increase which leads to a decrease in the purchasing power of money. Inflation can be regarded as good news to people who have debts since it decreases the value of money you incur. However, if a lender gains money with lesser value that what they originally lent, chances are they will raise interest rates to cover for the changes.


A guarantee is a contract to settle money owed to others in case the borrower cannot pay anymore. Guarantees have various forms including collateral, cosigners and adding a guarantee to your loan to lessen its interest rate. Before you agree to guarantee your loan, be sure you comprehensively read and understand the contract you are making because most of them can come with unusual terms. Furthermore, some loans such as an auto loan, already have prior policies with regards to guarantees which use the car you are buying as the collateral.