As an electrician, you would already be well-aware of soldering. Soldering is the process of combining two metallic rods. In this process, the soldering iron is used to connect the two rods. It melts quickly, and its liquid state is then used as a glue between the rods which need a connection.
Yes, it is quite a straightforward task; all you need is a soldering iron, solder wire, solder station, and some pliers, and wire cutters. However, you could consider sticking to some very elementary steps to up your game. Make your soldering stand out by keeping these things in mind.
1) Right pressure: Do not apply extensive pressure on the printed circuit board else the PCB might be damaged. On the other hand, applying very less pressure may not have the desired effect.
2) Standardized equipment: Never use fakes. It is much better to use original material even if it is more costly. To find out the best soldering iron your money can buy, visit website.
3) Tool Stand: Never leave your hot soldering iron unattended as this may cause accidents. Always put it back on the soldering station.
4) Clean the parts: It’s always a good thing to clean the PCB before your soldering activity. There are sprays and liquids for this purpose. To remove dirt from narrow spaces, consider using a shower.
5) Removing the cartridge of the soldering iron: We see many electricians using pliers to remove and replace cartridges. This is a bad practice as it may damage the cartridge. Use a cartridge extractor.
6) Clean Solder Iron: Keep the tip surface of your solder iron clean, or else the heat will not transfer properly. If the tip is unclean, don’t use sandpaper as it may damage the surface. Instead, use the recommended cleaning fluid for the purpose. You may even use a damp sponge for the purpose.
7) Avoid keeping under running water: Never keep your soldering iron under running water. This will damage your rod permanently. However, you may use distilled water for this purpose.
8) Modes: Know when to use sleep and hibernation modes.
9) Soldering tip: Choose a tip that has the most significant contact area for better soldering results.
10) Applying solder: Never apply the solder wire on the tip directly. Instead, consider putting it on the area where you want to solder and then use the soldering iron.
11) Temperature: Try working at lower temperatures. Operating at higher temperatures means damaging your PCB. We recommend working at 350 degrees. If you need temperatures higher than 350 deg, we recommend using a preheater. You may need a preheater while working on multilayered PCBs and large ground planes.
12) Corrosion: Avoid corrosion by limiting your use of Flux. Many first-time solder professionals use too much Flux and end up destroying their PCBs.
Now let’s look at some safety procedures.
- Always wear eyeglasses. Sparks may fly during soldering, and they might reach your eyes.
- Never touch the soldering iron. During work, it may be 350 degrees hot and moving it may scald you.
- Always keep a pail of water nearby. Dip your palm inside the sea, in case you accidentally touch the hot iron.
- Keep children away from your soldering area.
- Whenever possible, use resin-free and lead-free material while soldering.
- Wash your hands with a suitable solvent before and after soldering.
- Ingesting lead can damage your health. Wear gloves while handling your soldering iron.
- Supervisors and other line managers should give regular training to all those involved in training.
- All soldering irons should be tested for safety within the first 12 months of their purchase. This applies to all small as well as large soldering units.