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Hair loss is also known as “Alopecia.” It is a condition in which an individual starts to lose hair. This may be a temporary or a permanent change caused due to hormonal changes, deficiency of some nutrients in the body, a medical condition or it can be a hereditary trait. Alopecia can affect the scalp or even the entire body.
Causes of Alopecia
There may be multiple reasons for hair loss, such as:
This condition is also known as “Androgenic Alopecia”. It is the most common cause of hair loss that happens with aging. It occurs in a predictable pattern and gradually.
Hormonal changes can occur due to pregnancy, thyroid issues, after childbirth, and in menopause. Hormone changes can also lead to hair loss.
Alopecia Areata is a condition in which hair loss is related to the immune system. It causes a hair-pulling disorder known as “Trichotillomania” and scalp infection.
Adverse Effect of some Drugs
Some drugs have an adverse effect that results in hair loss in the patient while using the drug.
Hairstyling and hair treatment.
Hairstyling pulls your hair tight that can cause hair loss called “Traction Alopecia”. Certain hair treatments can also cause permanent hair loss.
To know the underlying cause of hair loss the doctor will give some physical exam and ask about diet routine. The underlying reason for hair loss can be related to hair care routine, medical history, and family history. Certain tests are also conducted to pinpoint the reason for alopecia.
- Blood Test
- Pull Test
- Scalp Biopsy
- Light Microscopy Test
Baldness that is caused by genetics is not preventable. Other types of hair loss can be prevented by:
- Asking your doctor to prescribe you certain multivitamins that help in the prevention of hair loss.
- Avoiding hair tugging and being gentle with the hair.
- Using a wide-toothed comb which prevents hair pull out.
- If a person is being treated with chemotherapy then he/she should use a cooling cap. This cap avoids hair loss during chemotherapy.
- Men should stop smoking to avoid hair loss because some studies show an association between the two.
Hair Loss Treatment
Hair loss treatment is carried out for two reasons. One reason is to avoid further hair loss. Secondly, to regain lost hair.
It is considered after permanent hair loss only when the top of the head is affected. It is a restoration surgery in which the dermatologist removes hair from other parts of the head and transplants it to a bald spot. This procedure can be painful but does not require hospitalization. Hair loss due to genetics will eventually progress even after the surgery.
The Food and Drug Authority has approved a low-level laser for the treatment of hair loss caused by heredity. This procedure also improves the hair density.
Alopecia patients can visit Numan for clinically proven hair loss treatment. Certain medications are considered effective in the prevention of hair loss. These medicines are: