Is it possible to build wealth with bonds? Loaning money is a common occurrence for most people, whether it’s to finance the purchase of a new home or borrow some funds from friends. Companies, government bodies, and municipalities also borrow money through bond issuance.

Bonds provide organizations with a way to raise capital. For example, imagine investing some money in your city, and they guarantee to pay back your investment plus interest within an agreed-upon period.

For example, you could purchase a 10-year bond worth $15,000 that yields a 3% interest rate. Under this agreement, your city would commit to paying you interest on your $15,000 investment every six months, with the principal amount due back when the bond reaches maturity in 10 years.

Pros of Investing in Bonds


Bonds offer several advantages to investors, such as steady income from a fixed interest rate. This ensures investors receive regular income from their investments.

  • Diversification: Incorporating savings bonds or other types of Bonds into your investment portfolio, can help diversify risk, as they tend to have a lower correlation with stocks and other assets.
  • Preserved Capital: Bonds tend to be seen as a safer investment option than stocks due to their stability and potential for capital preservation.
  • Lower Volatility: Bonds tend to have less volatility than stocks, making them a safer investment choice for those seeking stability and an easier investing experience.
  • Relative Predictability: Bonds often feature a set maturity date, allowing investors to better forecast the future value of their investment and ensure an assured level of returns from their investment.
  • Tax Benefits: Bonds can provide investors with tax advantages, particularly municipal bonds, which are usually exempt from federal and state taxes.

What to consider when investing in bonds?

When investing in bonds, three elements should be taken into consideration: the bond’s coupon rate, the creditworthiness of its issuer, and the time until maturity. Let’s explore each of these in turn.

  • Coupon: The issuer sets the bond’s coupon, which should be competitive with other similar bonds in the market and attractive to investors. It is essential that this yield is high enough to offset any risks associated with investing in accordance with sound investment principles.
  • Credit Quality: Each bond issued by an issuer is subject to the risk of default. Coupons may not be paid, or the principal may not be fully repaid at maturity. Higher returns may be available for investors who buy bonds with lower credit ratings, but they are more vulnerable to default. Independent credit rating agencies assess the default risk of bond issuers and provide ratings that help investors assess this danger. These ratings are used to determine individual bond coupon interest rates and coupons. Higher ratings indicate lower payments from higher-rated issues.


  • Time to maturity: This is the time it takes for a bond to mature. It can have an impact on the return that an investor can get. Because there are more risks that could affect the ability of a bond to pay its holders over time, a longer-term bond will typically have higher interest rates. For example, 30-year bonds usually have better coupons than 5-year bonds. Although longer-term investments offer higher returns, they come with greater risk. Long-term securities are more susceptible to changes in the market interest rates, and their prices can be more volatile than short-maturity ones.

How to profit from bonds?

Investing in bonds is a popular way to diversify a portfolio, generate interest income and potentially make a profit. Here are two methods of making money with bonds:

Earning Interest Payments

When you invest in a bond, you will receive interest payments periodically while holding it. Most bonds offer fixed interest rates that remain constant over time; others may feature floating rates that fluctuate according to market conditions. At the maturity date, you will receive your original investment back plus any accrued dividends or credits.

Suppose you purchase a 10-year Government of Canada bond worth $10,000 that provides an annual interest rate of 4%. If you hold onto this bond until it matures:

  • You will receive $10,000 in face value.
  • You’ll earn 4% interest per year, totaling $400 annually.
  • After ten years, your total earnings will total around $4,000 ($400 x 10).

Floating rate bonds offer interest rates that match up with 3-month T-bills, offering quarterly payments. If the T-bill rate rises, you earn more interest from your bonds; conversely, if it drops, you receive less.

Selling Bonds for a Profit


When interest rates decrease, bond prices generally go up. Therefore, you can typically make money by selling your bond before it matures; you will receive more money than what was paid for the bond and keep all interest earned until it’s sold. Therefore, understanding how interest rates impact bond prices is essential in understanding how to profit from investing in bonds.

Build Wealth With Bonds: Takeaway

Bond investing can be a reliable source of income, but it is essential to carefully consider three key elements before making your decision. The bond’s coupon, the issuer’s creditworthiness, and the time to maturity are all vital indicators that could impact an investor’s potential returns and level of risk. By carefully evaluating each factor individually, investors can make educated choices about which bonds best suit their investment objectives and tolerance level. Ultimately, understanding bond investing fundamentals allows investors to make smart investments and build a diversified portfolio with reduced risk exposure.