Shooting guns is a beloved American pastime, and responsible gun owners must know how to clean a gun.

The proper functionality of a firearm or rifle depends on proper cleaning. This guide will help you clean your arsenal. Get the complete new gun owner guide from here and for some cost-effective accessories for your gun we recommend some Eotech sight alternatives.

Cleaning Kit: How to Clean a Gun

Proper cleaning begins with having the proper tools. You can purchase cleaning kits or assemble them yourself. Your cleaning tools should include the following:

  • Small flashlight
  • Cleaning rod
  • Gun oil
  • Nylon brush
  • Bore brush
  • Cleaning solution
  • Patches
  • Microfiber cloths

Extremely rare and expensive guns might need specialized tools or experts to assist you. And get some awesome tips to reload your own brass by reading that post.

The Safety of How to Clean a Gun

The first thing you should do when cleaning a gun is to verify that it is unloaded. Remove magazines from the gun and clear the chamber.

After the chamber is emptied, look through the barrel from the back to ensure no rounds are stuck in the barrel. Continuously check the barrel for rounds every time you set down and pick up the gun.

It’s a good idea to separate the upper from the 80 lower receiver, but be sure to disassemble your gun according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Failure to do so can result in permanent damage to the weapon or injury when it is fired.

Do not disassemble more than necessary for cleaning.

Clean the Barrel

Use the rod and patches to effectively clean the barrel. Work from the back of the barrel and soak it with the rod and patches.

The rod should push the patch through the bore, or inside of the barrel, to the other side while collecting all the dirt and debris.

Be sure to use a muzzle guard to avoid hitting it with the rod, and do not pull a patch back after it has gone through the bore. You will undo all the cleaning.

After you’ve done this once, use the bore brush inside the barrel a few times. Return to the rod and patches and push through the barrel again. Repeat this process until a patch is no longer collecting dirt.


Soak some of the cotton swabs in gun oil and apply it to the bore. You only want a light coating of lubrication.

Next, apply your cleaning solution to the nylon brush and scrub all the action parts. Dry the action parts well with the microfiber cloths. Afterward, repeat the same gun oil application process you used with the bore.

Too much gun oil on your gun will attract debris and dirt. Not enough gun oil allows the metal to rust.


After you reassemble your gun, do other routine maintenance. Check to see if the trigger is too loose or tight.

If your sights are off, it might be time to replace them with Zeiss precision rings for better accuracy.

Make sure everything looks and feels the same way it did when you first bought it.

Shoot, Clean, Repeat

A responsible gun owner takes care of his tools. It’s important to know how to clean a gun because it should be done every time after it’s been used. Also check out 1-4x Scopes – Best Choices and Reviews to know the quality of guns and how to use them properly.

A clean gun is a shooting gun.

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