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Over half of Americans are in favor of legalizing marijuana. With more and more states legalizing the substance as time goes on, this is starting to show.
It should be noted that there are two primary strains of marijuana, known as Indica and Sativa. These are more than just names, though.
There are a few differences between Indica vs Sativa marijuana, and each major strain contains a long list of strains within it. So, what are these differences, and what do they mean for the consumer? We’ll talk more about that in the paragraphs below.
1. The Indica Plant
Technically speaking, the difference between Indica and Sativa strains has to do with the plant/s they come from. Indica plants are shorter with broader leaves.
If you’ve ever seen a maple leaf, you can imagine what an Indica leaf looks like. The big difference is that none of the ‘arms’ are connected, so you have what almost looks like 5 leaves–7 if you count those tiny ones near the bottom–on one stem.
The reason for this has to do with the plant’s native region of India. Indica grows throughout India and even beyond its northern borders.
Indica gets its name from the subcontinent where it comes from. Indica is the Latin term for India.
Indica has become a lot more tolerant of cooler weather because of India’s climate. Most of India tends to stay warm year-round, but Northern India, as well as the areas surrounding it, like Pakistan and Nepal, tend to get cooler in the winter months.
Winter temperatures tend to fall between 40 and 60 Fahrenheit in these regions. One of the Indica plant’s responses to this is a shorter growing time.
2. The Sativa Plant
Sativa plants usually grow taller than indica plants. If an Indica leaf vaguely resembles several small leaves on one stem, Sativa leaves are the spitting image.
Sativa leaves are thinner, and because of that tend to have wider spaces between them. They take much longer to grow than Indica plants, because they are native to areas near the equator, such as Southeast Asia and Central America.
Since these areas are close to the equator, the temperature tends to stay warm year-round, with the average temperature being around 70-80 degrees, with little variation throughout the year.
While Indica plants can grow in about two months or fewer, Sativa plants have been known to take around four.
Much like Indica, Sativa gets its name from Latin. Sativa simply means cultivated or sown. A lot of plants have it in their scientific name.
3. Indica vs Sativa: THC and CBD
Giving an exact answer to this difficult. There’s some debate over whether there’s any real difference in what the strains do. That being said, there are a few things that do tend to be true.
Indica, in many cases, is known for having a higher concentration of CBD than THC. CBD is a compound in marijuana that gives some of the medical benefits of marijuana without causing a high. While THC may contain just as much, if not more, potential medical benefits, it also causes a high, so many prefer to avoid it.
Sativa, on the other hand, contains more THC than Indica, making the user more likely to experience ‘mind-altering’ effects.
That being said, marijuana, in general, tends to be less psychoactive than other drugs. This isn’t surprising since the effects of most substances classified as drugs are far more severe than those of marijuana.
Because of this, several states have legalized it, and in some places, you can even buy it online. You can learn more about that by clicking the link.
4. Indica vs. Sativa: What They Do
Despite some claims that no difference exists in terms of effects, many still believe that Indica and Sativa are experienced in different ways.
For instance, Indica has effects that many of us would typically think of when we think of marijuana. Many strains cause relaxation and reduced anxiety, as well as increased appetite, drowsiness, and an overall sense of joy.
For this reason, Indica is often recommended for use at night.
Sativa is often used to treat pain and to make the user more active, and more creative. Both plants are known to treat anxiety and cause a temporary sense of bliss, but Sativa is often recommended to treat depression.
Sativais also more suited to daytime use, and is often used in social situations.
Believe it or not, it’s possible to create something that is a mix between Indica and Sativa. These are known as hybrids, and they can show the characteristics of both types.
Hybrids come in many different forms. Some are more heavily composed of Sativa, while others are mainly Indica. Still, others are an equal mix of both.
Indica and Sativa: Understanding the Differences
There’s a lot of debate over how much actual difference there is between Indica vs Sativa. We know that there is some difference in the actual plants, and, in many cases, in their chemical makeup.
Some believe that, as a general rule, Indica tends to make us calmer and sleepier, with an increased appetite. Sativa, meanwhile, can boost energy levels, help treat pain and make us more creative.
There are also hybrid strains. Hybrid strains can give the user a combination of both sets of effects.
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