Many legal professionals exist in an enclosed ecosystem of like-minded individuals. For civilians, it can seem as if legal professionals speak an entirely different language. In order to break through the “language barrier”, everyone should have an introductory understanding of these few legal terms.

Gaining comprehension of legal terms and meanings allows clients to follow what is happening in court or when being charged with a crime. Keep reading to start learning the legal language.

1. Property Crime

Property Crime

Property crime refers to when a victim’s property is stolen or destroyed. Cases surrounding property crime include burglary, theft, and vandalism.

Burglary includes breaking and entering with the intent of stealing or damaging property. In traditional robberies, intruders will rummage through property to find the most valuable items to steal. Theft is rather simple, if some steals your property they are liable.

Vandalism is the intentional destruction or damage done to public or private property. This can range from graffiti to damaging another entity’s property.

2. Car Accident

Car Accident

Legally a car accident is defined as any collision involving a motor vehicle. These accidents can happen between two cars or a singular car and a pedestrian or stationary object. In legal proceedings, counsel is responsible for determining which party is responsible for the collision.

In an accident involving two parties, you will need to begin seeking a personal injury lawyer. For these cases a lawyer will need to establish that another party is at fault for your injuries. These services can help insurance companies determine who will be liable.

3. Traffic Violation

NJMC Direct Online Traffic Court

A traffic violation is when a driver violates any laws that regulate vehicle operations. Common traffic violations are speeding, running red lights, or drunk driving.

Traffic violations can be very severe or minor. Some are even very common traffic mistakes that the average driver my make on accident. These violations are typically issued by local law enforcement officers and are handled at the local level.

4. Punishable Offense

Preventing Crime

Punishable offenses are any actions that involve one party to be deserving of punishment. An offense is a crime that breaks a particular law. These crimes include petty crimes and major legal offenses.

Each law has “fitting” punishments that can be divvied out by the court. A judge will determine the seriousness of the crime based on a variety of factors. The judge will consider the defendant’s criminal history, ability to be rehabilitated, and motives of the crime.

5. Court System

Criminal Court

The court system exists to ensure social order and seek out justice. This is branch of government that is given the authority to interpret, enforce and apply the law.

The court system includes four different levels of courts. District courts, circuit courts, appellate courts, and the Supreme Court all are used to uphold the law.

For anyone involved in legal proceedings it is necessary that people gain an rudimentary understanding of legal terms and meanings. Understanding legal jargon can help you stay up to speed with your case.

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