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Rahul Balaram, Santa Rosa Defense Attorney, Explains the Elements of a Criminal Court

At first thought, the elements of a criminal court may seem a bit complicated. Although you may think these details should be left to lawyers, you can understand them too.

While you may not become an expert without going to law school, being able to identify the main parts of a criminal trial and their unique roles can be quite beneficial. Here, defense attorney Rahul Balaram explains the basic elements of criminal court proceedings.

The Basics

Firstly, you should understand what constitutes a criminal case and court.

What Is Criminal Court?

Many people confuse the courts and believe that there is just one extensive court system that covers everything from marriages and divorces to crimes; however, there are many different sectors.

The criminal court system tackles cases that involve an offender accused of committing a crime. That person is considered a defendant, and a judge determines whether or not they receive a penalty if they are convicted of the crime.

What Is Considered to be a Crime?

A crime is a harmful act committed against a person, community, state, or business. The main types of crime include assault, sexual assault, robbery, theft, murder, and DUIs/OWIs/etc.

In court, these crimes can lead to extensive prison or jail time, although in some cases the sentence may be reduced to a fee, community service, or another penalty.

Can I Hire an Attorney to Represent Me?

In a short answer, yes. For cases where you have the possibility of jail or prison time, you may hire a lawyer.

It is your constitutional right to have an attorney, even if you can’t afford one. In the case that you cannot afford one, you will be provided one by the courts, free of charge.

Who’s Involved?

There are many people involved in a criminal court case. From the ones you’ll see in the courtroom to the office clerks working behind the scenes, you should be at least somewhat familiar with the key figures involved in the case.


The defendant is the reason for the court case. They are the one who is accused of the crime and is prosecuted.


The prosecutor represents the public and law system, and their job is to present the case against the defendant. If they are successful, the defendant will be sentenced.

Defending Attorney

The defending attorney works with the defendant. They are hired to present a case in favor of their client, and they work with the prosecutor to negotiate a lesser sentence, conduct their own investigation, and research facts and laws that pertain to the case.


The judge is an appointed official who oversees the court proceedings and decides the outcome of the court case at hand.

Other Notable Members in the Courtroom

Other significant members in the courtroom include the court reporter, who transcribes everything said, the clerk, who is responsible for preparing for the court case, and a bailiff, who is responsible for the defendant. In a more complicated situation, there may be witnesses, who are called upon to recall whatever information they have, and a jury, which also decides the fate of the defendant.

About Rahul Balaram:

Rahul Balaram is an experienced and dedicated attorney that has represented hundreds of clients. Mr. Balaram takes pride in ensuring his clients are aware of every aspect of their case and that their interests are presented with dignity, compassion, and competence.

Rahul opened the Balaram Law Office in Santa Rosa and is widely known for his excellent trial skills, his unrelenting work on behalf of his clients, and the outstanding results that his clients receive.

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