Gun oil is made of various components and base oils with different viscosity indexes. These base oils have unique features and perform better than others. This article will examine the elements that make up gun oil, their key features, and their advantages.

1. Mineral Oil

Mineral gun Oil

Mineral-based gun oils have anticorrosive properties that protect the gun from corrosion and rust. They are also resistant to moisture, alkali, and acids. They lubricate the gun, therefore, preventing misfires and malfunction. They also provide smooth operation and extend the weapon’s lifespan.

Mineral-based gun oils have a low viscosity that allows them to flow easily. They contain white mineral oil with a broad operating temperature range of -5 to 430 Fahrenheit. This means that the oil can resist chemical degradation under extreme temperatures.

However, the oil may undergo oxidation in the presence of oxygen. Therefore, most mineral-based gun oils come fortified with an anti-oxidative additive.

2. Silicone

Silicone gun oil

Silicone gun oil is perfect for long-term use due to its resistance to oxidation and high temperature. It has a temperature range of -65 to 450 Fahrenheit. This thermal stability ensures the efficacy of the oil in extreme weather conditions.

Silicone gun oil also has a low viscosity index that allows it to spread quickly throughout the gun. It is also inert, meaning that it does not react with other elements in the gun to produce harmful by-products.

Silicone also has a high surface adhesion, meaning the oil film remains in place for a long time. It also has anti-oxidative properties that prevent rusting and extends the firearm’s lifespan. As a result, silicone gun oil is ideal for airsoft and CO2 guns.

3. Teflon (PTFE)

Teflon, also known as PTFE, is a synthetic fluoropolymer used in gun oils for its lubrication properties. Its high penetrating capacity allows it to flow easily and reach every corner of the firearm. It quickly dissolves rust and gummy grease, making gun cleaning and maintenance easier.

Teflon is a highly inert substance that does not react to other chemicals. It also has a wide temperature range from -55 to 300 Fahrenheit, meaning it does not lose viscosity or gum up under extreme temperatures.

However, PTFE can be harmful to your health. In temperatures above 300 degrees Celsius, PTFE begins to break down and releases toxic fumes that are detrimental to your health.

4. Ceramic Particles

Ceramic Particles gun oil

Gun oils with ceramic particles enhance the function and performance of the firearm. They have a temperature range of -40 to +210 degrees Celsius. They are also long-lasting since they are resistant to wear and tear.

The particles have anticorrosive properties that protect the firearm from rust and corrosion. They form a water-resistant film to prevent moisture from reaching and damaging the gun. They also reduce friction between the gun’s moving elements and extend its lifespan.


Gun oil is useful for cleaning and maintaining your firearm. It is made of different components, including silicon, Teflon, mineral oil, and ceramic particles. These materials have unique characteristics that protect your gun from rust, corrosion, and friction.

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